Mortgage News and Notes

While all of us are self-quarantining and keeping adequate social distance, we thought our readers would like to know how the mortgage market has been affected by the economic upheaval caused by the coronavirus pandemic. A very respected analyst, Matthew Graham of Mortgage News Daily, said in his column on March 19, 2020, that “Today (3/19) was the most volatile day in the history of the mortgage market in many regards.” Graham bases his analysis on that day’s mortgage bond market, which pin-balled through a huge range of prices during the day, and actually changed direction massively (up to down or down to up) five separate times. In other words, your available rate went up or down massively five times during a single trading day.

 

Just two weeks ago we reported that mortgage rates were at 30+ year lows. And they were for a few days. Then they shot up as the markets turned chaotic. The Fed recently cut short-term rates to near zero, but more importantly for rates they also started buying mortgage bonds, some $52 billion worth on Thursday and Friday in order to inject liquidity and stability into the market. When you add the fact that the stock market was tanking, everything pointed to lower rates. Instead, mortgage rates moved significantly higher!

In the simplest of terms, the market is experiencing a flight to cash. Typically, investors react to bad economic news by moving from stocks to bonds, thus pushing rates down. Not now. Investors are moving to cash. That means there are many more sellers of mortgage bonds than there are buyers, which depresses bond prices. Lower bond prices = higher rates.

 

On the plus side, the mortgage market is still functioning, and transactions are proceeding (with appropriate health safeguards). With the Fed doubling down on its bond buying efforts, rates have come back down substantially as I write this on Monday. Tomorrow may be another story. Margie and Troy are still working and so RMC continues to serve our clients every day. Of course, we are not meeting clients face to face, but we have a number of resources available such as e-signature, video conferencing, secure document uploads, and good old email and phone calls.

 

Steven H Hofberg, Operations Manager

 

Posted by Steven Hofberg on March 27th, 2020 2:16 PM

Happy New Year! We said goodbye to 2019 and now welcome 2020 and a new decade. Predicting the housing economy is difficult anytime, but even more so given the trade and geopolitical uncertainties that will continue in 2020 as well as the national election coming up in November.

 

However, there is some consensus on a few key measures among both industry players (such as financial institutions) as well as the governmental mortgage giants Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac including:

 

  • Mortgage rates, which dropped from 4.50% to 3.75% during 2019, will continue to decrease, but only modestly. They are expected to reach approximately 3.60% in 2020.

  • Housing activity will show an uptick, with existing home sales up 5% year over year, to approximately 5.5 million sales per quarter in 2020.

  • Mortgage originations are expected to remain steady in 2020, with purchase loans becoming a larger percentage of total originations. 

  • Tight inventories of homes for sale will continue to push home prices up, especially in urban areas like the DMV. Expect the median home price to rise about 5% in 2020.

  • For those contemplating changes to their housing or mortgage situation, the most important factor is your personal financial (and non-financial) goals. How your goals relate to the market is where we can help. Contact Margie to discuss how you can benefit from what looks to be a stable market in 2020 (at least for now.)

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    Wishing everyone a happy and healthy 2020!

     

    Steven H Hofberg, Operations Manager

Posted by Steven Hofberg on January 7th, 2020 10:12 AM

2019 started off with 30-year fixed rates right around 5% and expectation was that they would climb and end up in the mid 5’s by the summer. Happily, most of the experts were wrong and rates instead came down to the upper 3’s by the spring and have been holding fairly steady through the fall.

 

The savings for clients have been considerable. If you took out a $500,000 loan in the fall of 2018 at 5.25% and then refinanced in the summer of 2019 at 3.75% you saved around $450 per month! Lower rates also made housing far more affordable which was very helpful in a high cost area like DC. A $3000 per month payment in the summer of 2019 at 3.75% qualified you for $90,000 more house than the fall of 2018 at 5.25%.

 

2019 was not only a wonderful year for mortgage rates but it was a special year for us as well. We added a grandson and future son law to our family!

 

We hope that 2019 was also a productive and successful year everyone. We are looking forward to seeing what 2020 will bring.

 

Happy New Year!

 

Margie and Steve

Posted by Steven Hofberg on January 1st, 2020 3:29 PM

Some of you have been asking “what is an ‘inverted yield curve’ and how does it affect me personally?” The news cycle has been filled with commentary about it lately. Economists generally agree that an inverted yield curve can signal a coming recession, but not always. All recessions have been preceded by an inverted yield curve, but not all inverted yield curves have led to recessions.

 

A yield curve shows the relationship bonds with different terms have regarding their yield. Ordinarily, you want a higher rate of return for buying a bond (or a CD) with a longer term. Two benchmark bonds are the US 2-year bond and the US 10-year bond. The 10-year bond will almost always offer a higher rate of return than the 2-year bond, due to the increased interest rate risk over a much longer period. However, last week the yield on the 10-year bond fell below that of the 2-year bond. Needless to say, people became concerned.

 

This is the “safe haven” reaction to uncertain times. Staying with economics, many analysts are looking at continuing trade wars and the looming mess of a Brexit (among other global tensions) for creating worry in the investment community and board rooms of major corporations. Consequently, there is a move from stocks to bonds, which drives down interest rates. 

 

The silver lining: mortgage rates tend to track the 10-year bond pretty closely. Right now, those rates are really good. If you have been considering buying a home or refinancing, it’s time to take advantage of this market.

 

Steven H Hofberg, Operations Manager

Posted by Steven Hofberg on August 22nd, 2019 11:29 AM

Since the beginning of 2019, the yield on the 10-year US Treasury bond has dropped steadily. As our readers know, that bond is the one that most directly affects mortgage rates (which have fallen in lockstep). For a more detailed analysis, please read our recent blog article Bond Market Weakness Pushes Mortgage Rates Lower.

 

Over the past few weeks, the pace of decline has accelerated. Mortgage rates are now well below 4%, and approaching 3%, for 15-year term loans. If your rate is around 4.5% or above, it may make sense for you to refinance your existing mortgage. As always, your decision should be based on the numbers that apply to your particular financial circumstances. That is where RMC can help: we tailor our recommendations to your financial needs. Take a few minutes to discuss your situation with Margie and let her use her years of experience to help you.

Posted by Steven Hofberg on June 18th, 2019 11:30 AM

For mortgage origination firms like Residential Mortgage Center, it is necessary to focus primarily on the short term.  In other words, we constantly monitor current interest rates, terms, and conditions, all of which have the most direct effect on our clients as they seek mortgage financing.  Rates have fluctuated lately, but in a relatively narrow range. So despite the volatility of several market affecting factors, such as geopolitical instability, trade wars, fluctuating oil prices, and of course, the domestic political dystopia we find ourselves in, rates remain at historically low levels.

 

I would argue that much of the credit should go to the stabilizing influence of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, the two government sponsored/owned mortgage giants.  Yes they suffered greatly (some suffering was indeed self-inflicted) during the financial crises of ten years back, and needed a bailout from the taxpayers, but since then they have deposited billions of dollars a year directly into the US Treasury.

Steven Hofberg, Operations Manager

 

For those not familiar with how Fannie and Freddie operate, you should know that they do not make mortgage loans, but instead buy loans from lenders and package them as bonds which are then sold to institutional investors.  Most economists believe that like most other developed countries, the US would not have a 30-year fixed mortgage product without their unique ability to match banks with investors such as pension funds looking for steady long term yields.  So with that introduction, I would like to focus on a long term issue, the future of Fannie and Freddie (F&F).

 

Senior administration officials are now discussing how to overhaul our mortgage finance system with “a great sense of urgency.”  And Treasury Secretary Mnuchin recently said he wants a plan developed in the next 6 months (Wall Street Journal April 15 2019), which may be overly ambitious.  There is a range of opinions on how to accomplish a reform, from merely making changes to F&F, all the way up to eliminating them completely.  In the middle is a plan to keep F&F, but reduce their footprint by creating incentives for private institutions to take on a larger role in the mortgage market.

 

It is my belief that greater participation by private institutions would be good for all stakeholders, especially borrowers, by the creation of new products as well as the positive effects of greater competition.  But the reformers have to be careful.  If F&F are eliminated, or gutted so severely that they exist in name only, we risk turning the mortgage market over to the likes of JP Morgan Chase, Citigroup, Bank of America, and other financial giants.  Needless to say, they are unlikely to support the public interest as much and as successfully as F&F have over many decades.

Steven Hofberg, Operations Manager

Posted by Steven Hofberg on May 31st, 2019 1:14 PM

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